Watching for Diabetes Risk Fators

Most people don’t know if they are at risk for Type-2 diabetes. They don’t even know what the risks are. In fact, about 20,000 people in Vigo and the surrounding counties in Indiana and Illinois have Type-2 diabetes. About 5,000 or more of them don’t know it yet. Then there are the individuals who have what is called pre-diabetes, don’t know it and don’t know what to do about it.

Tuesday is Type 2 American Diabetes Alert Day. This is an important day for many reasons. One essential reasons is that if you and everyone in your family r circle of friends should learn as much as possible about diabetes.

“Everyone should be aware of the risk factors for Type-2 diabetes,” says the American Diabetes Association. “People who are overweight, under-active … and over the age of 45 should consider themselves at risk for the disease. African-Americans, Latinos, Native Americans and people who have a family history of the disease are at an increased risk for Type-2 diabetes.”

Unlike Type-1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks and kills the cells that make insulin, Type-2 stems from genetics and lifestyle issues and involves insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. Because of this differece, type 2 diabetes can be treated and controlled in various ways.

Early diagnosis of Type-2 is important, because years of having high blood glucose puts you at risk for complications such as heart disease, blindness, kidney disease, stroke, amputation and a host of other unwelcome conditions. The problem is, you can have Type-2 diabetes for up to 10 years without knowing it. In fact, many people find out they have diabetes when complications begin to appear.

You can get a free blood-glucose test from various hospitals, medical centers, doctor’s offices and more. Check your community health calendar and call your local hospital or clinic to get information.

When you have diabetes — both Type-1 and Type-2 — a wound, even if it’s very minor, can lead to an emergency. Sustained high blood glucose can lead to decreased blood flow, causing injuries to heal more slowly. Also, many people with diabetes have nerve damage resulting in reduced sensation, particularly in their feet. Injuries — including severe ones — frequently go undetected unless you’re diligent in checking your feet daily. Even a minor injury can turn into an ulcer, which could lead to amputation.

Some symptoms of diabetes include excess thirst, increased urination, unusual tiredness, blood pressure issues and more. If you have any of these symptoms or more, see your doctor. If you have a combination of some of these symptoms, it is important to keep track of them and very important to talk to your doctor to make sure you are doing what is necessary to keep the symptoms under control in a healty and balanced way.

Some Information reprinted from Tribune Star
 

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