Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is usually seen in people who have type 1 diabetes. It is a state of inadequate insulin levels resulting in high blood sugar and accumulation of organic acids and ketones in the blood. It is also common to have severe dehydration and significant alterations of the body’s blood chemistry.  

Most often diabetic ketoacidosis happens in diabetics younger than 25 years, but the condition may occur in diabetics of any age. A person with diabetes can enter into a state of diabetic ketoacidosis for many reasons. Some of the most common are infection, missed insulin,  or newly diagnosed or previously unknown diabetes. There are various other causes like a heart attack, stroke, trauma, stress, and surgery. Five to ten percent of the time there is no identifiable cause.

There are several steps you can take to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis. Close monitoring and control of blood sugars, especially during times of infection, stress, trauma, or other serious illness will help. Also by taking insulin injections on time. Always contact your physician when you think it may be needed.

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